Mushrooms

Mushrooms

Currently there are over 10,000 known types of mushrooms, but only 25% are edible. Edible mushrooms are the fleshy,fruit bodies of several species of macro fungi. Edible mushrooms are consumed for their nutritional value and they are occasionally consumed for their medicinal value. Edible mushrooms include many fungal species that are either harvested wild or cultivated.In India about 2000 species of fungi are used as food by tribes and various communities, however few are cultivated.

India is ranked 54th in world mushroom production hence, is not a major producer of any of the mushroom varieties but it does cultivate some of the mushroom varieties. The Major varieties currently cultivated in India are

  • White button mushroom (Agaricusbisporus)
  • Paddy straw mushrooms (Volvariellavovacea)
  • Oyster mushroom (Pleurotussajorcaju)
  • Milky mushrooms (Calocybeindica)
  • Shiitake mushrooms (Lentinula edodes)

Mushrooms are a low-calorie food In a 100 g (3.5 ounce) serving, mushrooms are an excellent source of B vitamins, such as riboflavin, niacin and pantothenic acid, Vitamin D2 an excellent source of the essential minerals, selenium and copper, and a good source of phosphorus and potassium. Both Fresh and Dry mushrooms have nutritional and medicinal properties.

Nutritional Properties:

  • High in fiber and protein; 20-30% protein by dry weight.
  • Rich in the minerals potassium, selenium, copper, zinc and magnesium; Oyster mushroom is rich in iron.
  • Rich in the B complex vitamins, riboflavin, niacin and pantothenic acid.
  • The only vegetable or fruit for that matter that produces vitamin D when in sunlight and is a source of natural Vitamin D.
  • Rich in L-ergothoneine, a powerful antioxidant.
  • Rich in cancer fighting nutrients like polysaccharides and linoleic acid.
  • Free of cholesterol.
  • Contain triterpines which inhibit histamine release and are anti-inflammatory.
  • Fat, carbohydrate and calorie content are low, with absence of vitamin C and sodium.

Medicinal Properties:

  • Antitumor, anti-cancer and many other therapeutic properties have been attributed to mushrooms.
  • Rich in folic acid they counteract pernicious anemia.
  • Polysaccharides found in mushrooms have proven antitumour activity.
  • Antimalarial, antifungal and antiviral principles are attributed to many mushrooms.
  • Cholesterol (dreaded sterol for heart patients) is absent but ergosterol is present that is converted to vitamin D by human body.
  • High K: Na ratio is found in most mushrooms which is desirable for patients with hypertension.
  • High fiber content helps easier digestion.

We at Tarunya’sscientifically produce and supply fresh Milky Mushroom, Oyster Mushrooms (Pleurotusostreatus, Pleurotusflorida, Pleurotus Sajorcaju and Hypsizygusulmarius), King Oyster, Shiitake Mushroom, Ganoderma Lucidum, Paddy straw Mushrooms on prior order basis only.

 

Oyster Mushroom

Oyster Mushroom

Includes Pleurotusostreatus, Pleurotusflorida, PleurotusSajorcaju and Hypsizygusulmarius. The Oyster mushroom is a common edible mushroom, which is now grown commercially around the world for food. In India it is cultivated in the Southern part like Karnataka, Andhrapradesh, Telangana, Kerala and Tamilnadu. The oyster mushroom is one of the more commonly sought wild mushrooms. Oyster Mushrooms come in a range of colors and can be found in the wild or can be cultivated commercially. The common color is white and also comes indifferent colors of Grey, Yellow, Pink and Blue. Studies indicate that Oyster mushroom has the highest protein content compared to other mushrooms and also contains lovastatin which helps in reducing the blood cholesterol. We produce and supply Spawn and Mother culture for all the Varieties. Fresh Mushrooms can also be procured on prior bookings.

 

 


Oyster Mushroom

King Oyster

Pleurotuseryngii (also known as king trumpet mushroom, king brown mushroom, trumpet royale) is an edible mushroom native to Mediterranean regions of Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa, but also grown in many parts of Asia including India. P. eryngii is the largest species in the oyster mushroom genus, Pleurotus. It has a thick, meaty white stem and a small tan cap (in young specimens). The mushroom has a good shelf life. Pleurotuseryngii may naturally contain chemicals that stimulate the immune system. Dietary intake of Pleurotuseryngii may function as natural cholesterol lowering dietary agent. We produce and supply Spawn and Mother culture for King oyster mushroom.

 


Button Mushroom

Button Mushroom

Agaricusbisporus is an edible basidiomycete mushroom native to grasslands in Europe and North America. It has two color states while immature —white and brown. This mushroom is commonly found worldwide in fields and grassy areas following rain, from late spring through to autumn, especially in association with manure. A. bisporus is cultivated in more than seventy countries, and is one of the most commonly and widely consumed mushrooms in the world. In India it is cultivated in norther part where the temperature is low and certain places in south Indian on hilly regions during winter season. 100 gram serving, raw white mushrooms provide 22 calories and are an excellent source of the B vitamins riboflavin, niacin, and pantothenic acid. We produce and supply Spawn and Mother culture.



Milky Mushroom

 

Milky Mushroom

Calocybeindicais a small genus of about 40 species of mushroom. Milky mushroom is a rich source of Protein and fibre. Studies indicate it reduces cholesterol and blood sugar.In India it is cultivated in the Southern part like Karnataka, Andhrapradesh, Telangana, Kerala, Maharashtra, and Tamilnadu which requires higher temperature and high Humidity. We produce and supply Spawn and Mother culture. Fresh Mushrooms can also be procured on prior bookings.

 

 


shiitake mushroom

Shiitake Mushroom

Lentinula edodes is an edible mushroom native to East Asia, which is cultivated and consumed in many Asian countries. It is also commonly called “Sawtooth oak mushroom”, “black forest mushroom”, “black mushroom”, “golden oak mushroom”, or “oakwood mushroom”.  It is considered a medicinal mushroom in some forms of traditional medicine. Shiitake mushrooms are now widely cultivated all over the world, and contribute about 25% of total yearly production of mushrooms. Commercially, shiitake mushrooms are typically grown in conditions similar to their natural environment on either artificial substrate or hardwood logs, such as oak.

Like all mushrooms, shiitakes produce vitamin D2. Basic research indicates consumption of shiitake mushrooms affects disease properties. Studies also have proved it contains anti cancerous properties. We produce and supply Spawn and Mother culture for all the Varieties. Fresh Mushrooms can also be procured on prior bookings.


 

Milky Mushroom

 

Ganoderma Lucidium:
Ganoderma lucidium also known as reishi mushroom is one of the most commonly cultivated medicinal mushroom.Studies say that it has medicinal properties and are known to treat High Blood Pressure, in the treatment of Asthama, Blood Cholesterol levels, Diabetes etc. It can be commercially produced in a controlled environment. We produce and supply Spawn and Mother culture.


shiitake mushroom

 

Paddy straw mushroom

Paddy straw Mushroom (Volvariellavolvacea) is a tropical mushroom which requires higher temperatures to grow. This mushroom has a very short shelf life but the taste is found to be appreciable. This can be commercially produced without much infrastructure and investment where the temperature and humidity conditions are favourable. We produce and supply Spawn and Mother culture.